Liberty Global announced its intention to acquire Kabel BW for €3.16 billion in March 2011. The proposed deal had been opposed by a number of parties, including Sky who pointed to the threat posed by the merger to its distribution deal with Kabel BW. German alternative telecom operator association the VATM had also expressed strong reservations about the proposed merger. However, Liberty Global proposed concessions to the Federal Cartel Office to make the deal acceptable, including removing encryption of digital free-to-air channels and allowing competitors to bid on contracts with housing associations.
The merger will see Liberty Global’s subscriber base in Germany increase to almost seven million.
Andreas Mundt, president of the Bundeskartellamt, said: “This merger could only be cleared with far-reaching commitments by the companies involved. We now see the chance of more competition in the cable markets. With the obligation to open up large long-term contracts with the housing industry and give up further contractual rights as well as the basic encryption of digital free TV programmes, the negative effects of the merger are compensated.”